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Termite species are best identified with their own soldier termites, which has the most prominent features.
These termites are commonly dispersed throughout Victoria, and are responsible for more than 80 per cent of irreparable harm to buildings.
Coptotermes soldiers have brown, saber-like jaws. They measure 3.56.5 mm in length. When upset, these soldiers eject a white, rubbery glue-like substance from their pear-shaped heads.
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Coptotermes build nests in trees (preferring eucalypts), stumps, under concrete flooring, in wall cracks or enclosed verandahs.
These termites travel at least 50 metres in the colony via a series of underground tunnels to find food. Coptotermes acinaciformis send substantial numbers to new food sources and, thus, respond strongly to bait. In contrast, Coptotermes frenchi research widely for new food sources and feed gently at multiple points.
Nasutitermes exitiosus is common north of the Great Dividing Range. They construct dark, thin-walled mound nests between 30 cm and 75 cm above ground. These mounds are around 1m in diameter.
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This is Victorias largest species of termite, sometimes called dampwood termite. They are normally found nesting in massive pieces of timber (especially older trees) and are most common in wet, mountainous locations. They may, however, also be found in the dry foothills of Melbourne.
Porotermes tend to reside in colonies than other species, and do not construct shelter tubes or travel much underground. They're more easily controlled than other species.
A mature colony of Schedorhinotermes will have two distinct sizes of soldiers, also referred to as major and minor soldiers. Important soldiers grow around 5.6 mm long, while minor soldiers are only 3.6 mm long. Both types of soldier have mandibles.
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Schedorhinotermes are destructive and relatively nomadic, rather than maintaining a fixed, central nest.
Heterotermes are widely distributed throughout Australia. However, they are only a major insect species in the Northern Hemisphere.
The soldiers of the species are up to 4.75 mm long, with lengthy, dark jaws and parallel-sided heads.
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Heterotermes reside in tiny colonies which attack fence posts, timber flooring, and paling fences within a small radius of the nest. They are commonly he said found because they feed on small timbers on the soil surface.
Dusts function to control termites since they ingest and disperse the insecticide among the colony during habitual grooming.
Insect growth-regulator dusts (like Triflumuron) and non-repellent termiticides are the safest methods of termite dust control to the human consumer.
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Arsenic trioxide dust has been used since the 1930s to control termites, often with the addition of ferric oxide or another colourant. However, arsenic trioxide is a poisonous, highly poisonous elemental pesticide that does not degrade.
Baiting is most often the best way to kill an attacking colony when the main nest site cannot be found. Bait stations also allow you to collect samples of termites for species identification.
Bait stations consist of containers of cellulose materials such as wood, paper or cellulose gel that are either buried in the ground near the building under attack or carefully placed inside near known damage.
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Bait generally use slow-acting, non-detectable toxins so that the nearly whole colony can be poisoned before adverse effects arise. Repellent termiticide formulations like those of pyrethroids are not as colony control agents. Care must be taken not to cross contaminate baits with even tiny residues of different pesticides.
Baiting does not supply a practical barrier. The baits do not isolate the building as termites are still able to access the structure. For long-term structural protection, barriers are preferred.
Chemical barriers function by applying an unbroken boundary of pesticide around the exterior of an infested arrangement. This makes a zone or band of toxic soil the termites cannot cross. Creating an effective chemical barrier may involve trenching around the foundations of this construction, and injecting the chemical into the soil through holes drilled in concrete foundations. .
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Termites work through the treated soil unaware that they are picking up a poisonous compound. This greatly reduces the termite population and might ruin the colony.
Repellent chemicals, such as Bifenthrin, are commonly used as obstacles. Non-repellent termiticides, for example Imidacloprid and Fipronil, may be resilient where protection is uncertain (for instance, where the compound is injected through concrete).
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Soil may also be treated with a chemical barrier prior to building construction. Bifenthrin is commonly used for this purpose; Imidacloprid is often employed for the vulnerable perimeter of a new structure.
This technique isolates the termite colony out of a building by creating a complete barrier around or beneath a buildings foundations that termites cannot cross.